ὀρρωδέω

ὀρρωδέω
Grammatical information: v.
Meaning: `to shudder, to fear, to dread' (Att.),
Other forms: Ion. ἀρρωδέω (Hp., Hdt.).
Compounds: Aslo w. prefix, esp. κατ-.
Derivatives: ὀρρωδία, ἀρρωδίη f. `fear, dread' (Hdt., Th., E.).
Origin: GR [a formation built with Greek elements]X [probably]
Etymology: Not certainly explained. Semantically attractive is the proposal by Bréal MSL 8, 309 (agreeing Lasso de la Vega Emer. 23, 121 f.): ὀρρωδέω from ὄρρος through *ὀρρώδης `afraid, anxious' like Fr. couard, It. codardo from Lat. coda. But one has to assume then that the Att. form came into Ionic with transition of ὀρρ- into ἀρρ- (after ἀρρωστέω. -ία?), what cannot be easily argued. After J. Schmidt KZ 25, 112; 32, 170 Att. ὀρρ- stands for older ἀρρ- through assimilation to the folowing ω (cf. Schwyzer 255); possible is also folketym. influence of ὄρρος. Vain attempys by Prellwitz BB 24, 217, Solmsen IF 13, 134ff., Ehrlich Betonung 54 (s. Bq s.v. a. p. 717 n. 1; also WP. 1, 278 a. 292). - Taillardat, RPh. 71(1997) 170, defends the old interpretation as τὸν ὄρρον ἱδροῦν; the α- would be due to Ionic dissimilation of ο-ω. - Furnée 342 thinks that the word is Pre-Greek, which explains the variation ἀ-\/ὀ-.
Page in Frisk: 2,427-428

Greek-English etymological dictionary (Ελληνικά-Αγγλικά ετυμολογική λεξικό). . 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • ὀρρωδεῖτε — ὀρρωδέω dread pres imperat act 2nd pl (attic epic) ὀρρωδέω dread pres opt act 2nd pl ὀρρωδέω dread pres ind act 2nd pl (attic epic) ὀρρωδέω dread imperf ind act 2nd pl (attic epic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ὀρρωδέῃ — ὀρρωδέω dread pres subj mp 2nd sg (epic ionic) ὀρρωδέω dread pres ind mp 2nd sg (epic ionic) ὀρρωδέω dread pres subj act 3rd sg (epic ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ὀρρωδήσω — ὀρρωδέω dread aor subj act 1st sg ὀρρωδέω dread fut ind act 1st sg ὀρρωδέω dread aor ind mid 2nd sg (homeric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ὀρρωδεῖ — ὀρρωδέω dread pres ind mp 2nd sg (attic epic doric ionic) ὀρρωδέω dread pres ind act 3rd sg (attic epic doric ionic) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ὀρρωδησάντων — ὀρρωδέω dread aor part act masc/neut gen pl ὀρρωδέω dread aor imperat act 3rd pl …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ὀρρωδοῦμεν — ὀρρωδέω dread pres ind act 1st pl (attic epic doric) ὀρρωδέω dread imperf ind act 1st pl (attic epic doric) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ὀρρωδοῦν — ὀρρωδέω dread pres part act masc voc sg (attic epic doric) ὀρρωδέω dread pres part act neut nom/voc/acc sg (attic epic doric) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ὀρρωδοῦντα — ὀρρωδέω dread pres part act neut nom/voc/acc pl (attic epic doric) ὀρρωδέω dread pres part act masc acc sg (attic epic doric) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ὀρρωδοῦντι — ὀρρωδέω dread pres part act masc/neut dat sg (attic epic doric) ὀρρωδέω dread pres ind act 3rd pl (doric) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ὀρρωδοῦσι — ὀρρωδέω dread pres part act masc/neut dat pl (attic epic doric) ὀρρωδέω dread pres ind act 3rd pl (attic epic doric) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

  • ὀρρωδοῦσιν — ὀρρωδέω dread pres part act masc/neut dat pl (attic epic doric) ὀρρωδέω dread pres ind act 3rd pl (attic epic doric) …   Greek morphological index (Ελληνική μορφολογικούς δείκτες)

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